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Unconscious influences on decision making: A critical review

if they exist at all – have limited and narrow effects. 1.1 A framework for the components of decision making. Our first step in examining the role of the unconscious in theories of decision making is to propose a framework for thinking about how decisions could be influenced by unconscious processes. The framework is ...

Coppin (2014). BBS.pdf

The timing of exploratory decision-making revealed by single-trial

The neural processes underlying exploratory decision-making have been mainly ... in order to detect the time when the brain generators responsible for these decisions have been sufficiently activated to lead to the next decision. Our analyses ... differentiating their responses in order to eventually lead to an exploratory or.


Mice plan decision strategies based on previously learned time

Jan 19, 2016 ... making task. A class of interval timing paradigms requires the animals to distribute their responses between two (short vs. long latency) options, each of ...... processes that underlie the emergence of timed decisions. Our results suggest that mice can directly apply their prior knowledge about time intervals, ...


Factors that affect decision making: gender and age differences

and age in participants' perception of the factors that determine their decision processes. Keywords: ... time and place. Narayan and Corcoran-Perry (1997) consider decision making as the interaction between a problem that needs to be solved and a person who wishes to solve .... Although the groups' broad age interval.


Decisions under Uncertainty: Probabilistic Context Influences

Mar 30, 2005 ... Many decisions are made under uncertainty; that is, with limited information about their potential consequences. Previous neuroimag- ing studies of decision making have implicated regions of the medial frontal lobe in processes related to the resolution of uncertainty. However, a different set of regions in ...


Time on Timing: Dissociating Premature Responding From Interval

Apr 19, 2016 ... ABSTRACT: Background: Parkinson's disease. (PD) can cause impulsivity with premature responses, but there are several potential mechanisms. We pro- posed a distinction between poor decision-making and the distortion of temporal perception. Both effects may be present and interact, but with different ...


Reinforcement learning in the brain

brain the existence of a key reinforcement learning signal, the temporal difference reward prediction ... A fundamental question in behavioral neuroscience concerns the decision-making processes by which animals and ... has been shaped and constrained by its influence on fitness, it is not unreasonable to view partic-.


The inner experience of time

involved depending on the length of the processed time interval, and (ii) different cognitive processes may be involved that are not necessarily part of a core timekeeping system but, nevertheless, influence the experience of time. These cognitive processes are distributed over the brain and are difficult to discern from timing ...


Stimulation of the Medial Prefrontal Cortex Reduces Discounting of

Sep 17, 2014 ... of the reward is an important factor that influences our decisions, a phenomenon called delay discounting (DD). In DD, the medial prefrontal cortex ... magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to transiently activate the MePFC to evaluate its behavioral effect on the DD paradigm, and subsequently to measure its effect on ...


Time-based reward maximization

Keywords: decision-making, interval timing, optimality, reward maximization, risk assessment, timing uncertainty. Author for correspondence: Fuat Balcı e-mail: ... taking account of their endogenous uncertainty in tasks that required various decisions. In one of these experiments [8], humans and mice were trained in a tem-.


Reaction-Time Experimentation

you from putting your hand in. 1. Why Reaction Time? Permits studying the system when it is functioning well. (Contrast to traditional memory experiments, e.g., where system ... only its effect on the time to detect the flash (not on processes between detection and response) and used to study visual ... by decision processes.



Answering how animal brains measure the passage of time, and, make decisions about the timing of ... In the first part of my thesis, I developed a visually-cued interval timing task that required rats to decide ..... The effect of changing the look- back time, Time, and the magnitude of accumulated reward, r, on the valuation of  ...


What makes us tick?

Sep 15, 2005 ... Decision making. • Conscious time estimation. Brain structures. • Corticostriatal circuits. • Dopamine neurons. Mechanism. • Coincidence detection ... Brain structures. • Cerebellum? Mechanism. • Cerebellar LTP/LTD? • Intrinsic properties of neural function? 24 h a. Millisecond timing. Interval timing.


Deliberation period during easy and difficult decisions: re-examining

Instead, we observed a less intuitive effect: The W-MR window in the easy tri- als was longer than the ... that consciousness may play a causal role in decision making but not in a straightforward manner as assumed by Libet's veto hypothesis. .... Although the authors did not compute the W-MR based on their data, we were ...


Risk assessment in man and mouse

in their estimates of an elapsed duration) to compute the optimal ... genetics human interval timing optimality statistical decision theory. Humans and other ..... Time (s). Fig. 4. The effects of the relative probability of short and long trials versus the effects of different levels of timing variability (noise, uncertainty) on the expected ...


Risk as Feelings

irrelevant to the decision at hand, their impact is reduced or eliminated (Schwarz & Clore, 1983; but see Winkielman, Zajonc.,. & Schwarz, H997). Most directly réievant to our focus on decision making under risk. and also consistent with the positive view of emotions, Slovic and collaborators (e.g., Finucane et al., 2000; ...


Dynamical systems, gaze and moral decisions

We then use eye movements to track the time course of participants' moral decisions and show that by interrupting their decision process based on their gaze position, we are able to influence what they decide. We interpret this as evidence for a dynamical systems view of decision making and argue that our results provide ...


Representation of Time by Neurons in the Posterior Parietal Cortex

Apr 24, 2003 ... the interval between our actions and their effects. Other ... computes time or where in the brain time is represented time. We refer to this duration as the behavioral thresh-. (Buonomano and Karmarkar, 2002). Knowledge of tem- old, b . ... This phenomenon, termed scalar timing or Weber's law for time, is well ...


Context-Dependent Urgency Influences Speed–Accuracy Trade-Offs

Dec 3, 2014 ... Speed–accuracy tradeoffs (SATs) exist in both decision-making and movement control, and are generally studied separately. However, in natural behavior animals are free to adjust the time invested in deciding and moving so as to maximize their reward rate. Here, we investigate whether shared ...


Target Selection Signals Influence Perceptual Decisions by

Feb 4, 2016 ... Early Target Selection Signals Predict Decision Time and Successful Detection by Modulating the Onset and Buildup Rate of the. Neural Evidence ... CPP at which the trial-by-trial effect of N2c peak amplitude on RT was significantly mediated by CPP slope, at a two-tailed permuted significance level of 0.01.