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Small-scale Terrorist Attacks Using Chemical and Biological Agents

May 20, 2004 ... This report, which will be updated as necessary, presents a means of assessing the relative threat from terrorist-use of individual chemical, biological, and toxin agents. It focuses on small-scale, targeted chemical and biological attacks, rather than mass-casualty attacks. The framework considers the ...


proliferation of biological weapons into terrorist hands

Dana Shea, in a Congressional Research Service Report, “Small Scale Terrorist Attacks Using Chemical and Biological. Agents: An Assessment Framework and Preliminary Comparisons” (May 20, 2004, Order Code RL 32391) pp. CRS-11-. 16 usefully provides flow charts and a discussion contrasting the lower demands  ...


Likelihood of Terrorists Acquiring and Using Chemical or Biological

Terrorists Acquiring and Using Chemical or. Biological Weapons. Would it be easy for terrorists to acquire chemical agents? Chemical weapons formulas have been published and publicly available for decades. Mustard ... Scientists with a solid chemical background could likely make certain agents in small quantities.


Combating Terrorism: Assessing the Threat of Biological Terrorism

Oct 12, 2001 ... likely is it that terrorist groups would conduct attacks using biological or chemical weapons? The answers to both of these questions vary in terms of the actors involved, .... The clearest explanation for this extremely small historical data set is the difficulty of acquiring .... simply an event of much smaller scale.


CUWS Chemical and Biological Warfare Overview

The potential use of chemical or biological weapons against the United States ( U.S.) military and U.S. national security interests ... attacks were considered unconventional, U.S. and Soviet Union military planners anticipated their use in total war ... and crude toxins to use in small-scale, single events. Several terrorist groups ...



Jul 26, 2013 ... Acts of terrorism include threats of terrorism; assassinations; kidnappings; hijack- ings; bomb scares and bombings; cyber attacks (computer-based); and the use of chemical, biological, nuclear and radiological weapons. High-risk targets for acts of terrorism include military and civilian government facilities ...


Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Terrorism: The

May 31, 2002 ... and both the widespread suspicion of terrorists seeking CBRN weapons and the actual sub-national ... the related subject of nuclear, chemical, and biological warfare threats and response may yield additional .... of attack œ small-scale attacks with limited casualties or large-scale mass casualty attacks.


Chemical or Biological Terrorist Attacks: An Analysis of the

Abstract: The possibility of a terrorist attack employing the use of chemical or biological weapons of mass destruction (WMD) on ... any weapon with the capacity to inflict death and destruction on such a massive scale that its very presence in the hands of hostile .... relatively small-scale hazardous materials incidents have.



terrorists with the capability to carry out a range of attacks with biological agents today, ... Biological Agents. Biological weapons are best regarded as part of a biochemical threat spectrum that ranges from so-called classical (lethal) chemical ...... of terrorist groups that wish to launch only a small-scale attack and that have.



logical weapons (Exhibit 20-1). For a number of reasons, some that might be useful on a small scale, such as an assassination weapon or a terrorist weapon, would normally not be applicable on a large scale. The key factors that make a biologi- cal pathogen or toxin suitable for a large-scale bio- warfare attack include: (a) ...


Action Plan to enhance preparedness against chemical, biological

Oct 18, 2017 ... Terrorist organisations have not used chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear. ("CBRN") agents in Europe ... with high impact risks. Even at a small scale, a CBRN attack may have a ... In 2016, a Daesh cell preparing an attack with a rudimentary biological weapon was intercepted in. Morocco. Interpol ...


Will Terrorists Turn to Poison?

For example, Iraqi chemical attacks against the city of Halabja, a northern Iraqi. Kurdish village held by Iran ... terrorists have used chemical and biological weapons rarely, and only to injure or kill small numbers of ... an East German terrorist camp had been teaching terrorists to use chemical and biological weapons against.


Psychological and Behavioral Impacts of Bioterrorism

Terrorist attacks using weapons of mass destruc ... Most chemical and biological weapons agents are invisible, odor less, and imperceptible to humans. Dormant biological agents such as anthrax spores can persist undetected for years in the ..... history, it has been used on a small scale in biological hoaxes, and it has been ...


The history of biological warfare

destruction, both biological and chemi- cal, during the First World War, although their attacks with biological weapons were on a rather small scale and were not particularly successful: covert operations using both anthrax and glanders (Table 2) attempted to infect animals directly or to contaminate animal feed in several of.


Non-State actors' pursuit of CBRN weapons: From motivation to

Jan 14, 2012 ... types of non-State groups have planned or are planning to carry out attacks using ... In August 2013, the nerve agent sarin was used on a relatively large scale in the outskirts of Damascus – resulting in ... material weapons, lethal chemical and biological weapons, and any weapons developed in the future.



The U.S Code of Federal Regulations defines terrorism as “…the unlawful use of force and violence against ... wide variety of means, e.g., bombs, chemicals, firearms, computer attacks, biological agents, and as 9/11 ... many smaller scale incidents that fit into terrorist mold and could represent the first step in a pattern of .


RESEARCH BRIEF Anatomizing Chemical and Biological Non-State

The possibility that violent non-state actors (VNSAs), including terrorists and criminals, might employ chemical or biological (CB) weapons has understandably attracted ... construct CB weapons and preparations for dealing with the consequences of a large-scale chemical or biological attack. In contrast, the characteristics ...


Use of Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Weapons by

Use of Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Weapons by Non-State Actors. 03. Introduction. According to the University of Maryland's Global. Terrorism Database, there were a total of 143 attacks –. 35 biological, 95 chemical, and 13 radiological – using. CBRN weapons across the world from 1970 to 2014.


CBRN terrorism

Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) terrorism is a form of terrorism ... Chemical weapons make use of chemical nerve agents (e.g. sarin), blister agents (sulphur mustard) and choking agents (chlorine). The definition does .... smaller than that of a comparably damaging attack with conventional arms.


Terrorist CBRN: Materials and Effects

wide variety of potential agents and delivery means to choose from for chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear (CBRN) attacks. Al-Qa'ida's end goal is the use of CBRN to cause mass casualties; however, most attacks by the group—and especially by associated extremists—probably will be small scale, incorporating ...