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anterior horn cell, peripheral nervous system and/or neuromuscular junction. •. Physical - related to head and neck impairments such as cancer and or surgery- e.g., glossectomy. •. Respiratory disease e.g. COPD. •. Psychological. In both children and adults dysphagia can present as acute or chronic, and within these.
Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation in the Treatment of Dysphagia
Describe the effects of a series of treatment sessions session of surface electrical stimulation in different electrode positions in 10 patients with. Parkinson's disease and oropharyngeal dysphagia. Subjects: 90 mentally competent dysphagic patients randomly allocated to 3 groups: standard logopedic treatment with no ...
Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation in the Treatment of Dysphagia
Nov 29, 2009 ... treatment of dysphagia has gained increasing adoption by medical professionals since the clearance by the Food and Drug .... series was presented for publication reporting on the effects of electrical stimulation in patients with multiple .... recurrence of disease occurred. No side effects were reported.
Development of a new scale for dysphagia in patients with
Jul 4, 2015 ... It is also useful in evaluating dysphagia in patients with progressive neuromuscular diseases. Keywords Muscular dystrophy 4 Amyotrophic lateral ..... On the other hand, ALS is a progressive motor neuron disease. Patients with ALS show wide-ranging clinical features. Unlike DMD, dysphagia is one of their ...
Radiological evidence of subclinical dysphagia in motor neuron
Dysphagia in motor neuron disease (MND) may lead to dangerous complications such as cachexia and aspiration pneumonia. ... As part of a multidisciplinary study on the treatment of dysphagia in patients with neuromuscular diseases, 23 MND patients with different degrees of dysphagia underwent videoflouroscopy, ...
FAQs Regarding the Use of Electrical Stimulation to Treat Feeding
Electrical stimulation (commonly referred to as “e-stim” and also known as neuromuscular electrical stimulation [NMES] and ... adults are summarized at www.asha.org/slp/clinical/dysphagia/e-stim.htm. At this time, there ... metabolic or other degenerative disease may also not be able to overcome the effect of stimulated ...
Dysphagia in Duchenne muscular dystrophy: practical
Dec 28, 2015 ... Purpose: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a rapidly progressive neuromuscular disorder causing weakness of the ... available for clinicians to manage dysphagia and improve feeding for young men with DMD. This report aims to .... Prevalence of reflux in large series of patients with. DMD is not ...
Electrical Stimulation for the Treatment of Dysphagia
Dysphagia is the term used to describe a swallowing disorder usually resulting from a neurological or physical ... Clinical studies show evidence of dysphagia in over 70% of stroke patients. . In 75% of patients with early .... transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES or TNMES), via stimulation to sensory ...
Approach to the Patient with Dysphagia
neuromuscular diseases, such as scleroderma, may cause dysphagia of the lower esophagus, whereas amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or myasthenia gravis may affect oropharyngeal function. Other diseases may lead to stricture for- mation, such as lichen planus or. Crohn,s disease, whereas others may lead to extrinsic.
Screening and evaluation tools of dysphagia in children with
Dec 9, 2016 ... NdSSS. Neuromuscular Disease Swal- lowing Status Scale. NMD. Neuromuscular diseases. pNMD. Paediatric patients with neuro- muscular diseases. sEMG .... The first systematic review on dysphagia screening and evaluation tools in paediatric ... symptoms failed to show any significant difference with.
Botulinum Toxin Treatment for Oropharyngeal Dysphagia
Disruption of normal swallow- ing, dysphagia, is a frequent sequela of many neurological and neuromuscular disorders (1– 4). Autonomic and/or peripheral neu- ropathy is a common complication of diabetes and is due to chronic hypergly- cemia and diabetic microvascular disease involving vasa nervorum (5). Dysphagia.
Speech-Language Pathology Services for the Treatment of Dysphagia
Dysphagia may be the result of head trauma, cerebrovascular accident, neuromuscular degenerative diseases, head ... literature, the clinical efficacy and clinical utility of this service remains unproven. ... surface electrical stimulation treatment show a lowering of the hyoid bone during swallowing, which may actually be.
Dysphagia in acute inflammatory neuropathy
possibility of a Pompe disease we performed a dried blood spot test that demonstrated to low level of α-glucosidase activity. A genetic test confirmed the diagnostic. An early diagnosis of Pompe disease will improve patient outcomes as care standards including enzyme replacement therapy can be applied and ...
AGA Technical Review on Management of Oropharyngeal Dysphagia
May 17, 1998 ... ute to its clinical complexity: (1) because of accompany- ing neurological impairment, patients often have a limited ability either to communicate their subjective distress or to cooperate with their evaluation and therapy;. (2) because oropharyngeal dysphagia is usually a manifes- tation of a systemic disease ...
(Oropharyngeal Dysphagia) and Feeding Disorders
Apr 14, 2017 ... This Veterans Health Administration (VHA) directive defines the policy and procedures for the early identification, comprehensive clinical and instrumental evaluation, treatment planning, and follow-up of patients with swallowing ( oropharyngeal dysphagia)
oropharyngeal dysphagia in patients with chronic obstructive
Jul 13, 2009 ... dysphagia. Forty-seven articles were retrieved relating to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and dysphagia. Each article was graded using evidence- based methodology. Only 7 ... neuromuscular disease and in those with respiratory failure with ... Case Series (and poor quality case-control and.
The effects of surface neuromuscular electrical stimulation on post
Two meta-analysis studies that evaluated the effec- tiveness of neuromuscular electrical stimulation for dysphagia have been published and their results supported its use.7,8 However, these meta-analyses included studies with differing dysphagia etiolo- gies (e.g. stroke, Parkinson disease, radiation dam- age, various ...
1.1 Causes of dysphagia 4. 1.2 WGO cascades—global guidelines 5. 1.3 Disease burden and epidemiology 6. 2. Clinical diagnosis 8. 2.1 Oropharyngeal dysphagia 8. 2.2 Esophageal dysphagia 10. 2.3 Diagnostic cascades 14. 3. Treatment options 14. 3.1 Oropharyngeal dysphagia 14. 3.2 Esophageal dysphagia 16.
DYSPHAGIA IN PATIENTS WITH THE POST-FOLIO SYNDROME
Apr 25, 1991 ... Dysphagia may develop in some patients many years after an attack of acute paralytic poliomyelitis. To identify clinical or subclini- cal signs of oropharyngeal ... Warren G. Magnuson Clinical Center (B.C.S.), and the Neuromuscular Diseases ..... cles in patients who have had polio show subclinical signs of ...
neuromuscular electrical and thermal-tactile stimulation for
ness of neuromuscular electrical stimulation in patients with ... Dysphagia occurs in 45–65% of patients after acute stroke (3), it is the most significant risk factor for the development of pneumonia and can delay the patient's functional recovery (4 ). ... upper gastrointestinal disease, and an inability to give informed consent.