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Infectious and Inflammatory Diseases of the Spine in Children

Inflammatory and infectious disorders of the spine and spinal cord are less common in children than in adults. They are classified according to the involved spinal compartments into those predominantly affecting (i) the spinal cord, (ii) the nerve roots and meninges, and (iii) the vertebrae, discs, and epidural space.


Spinal surgery for children with neuromuscular disorders

the spine. Neuromuscular scoliosis. Neuromuscular scoliosis is the term for a curve that oc- curs as a result of an underlying neurologic or muscular disorder. This kind of scoliosis could be caused by: t cerebral palsy t spina bifida ( myelodysplasia) t muscular dystrophy t spinal muscular atrophy t spinal cord injuries.


Pediatric Spinal Cord Injury Reading List Peer-Reviewed Manuscripts

Anderson, C. (1997). Unique management needs of pediatric spinal cord injury patients: Psychosocial issues. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, 20, 21-24. Anderson, C., Klaas, S. J., Lubicky, J, & Vogel, L. C. (1997). Long-term outcomes and life satisfaction in pediatric spinal cord injury: a model for children with chronic.


Pediatric MS and other demyelinating disorders in childhood

Multiple sclerosis (MS) in children follows a relapsing remitting MS (RRMS) disease course. Acute relapses consist of new neurological deficits (problems with nerve, spinal cord, or brain function, e.g. loss of balance, weakness of the arms or legs etc.) that last longer than 24 hours, when no other illness or fever is present.


a guide for school personnel working with students with spinal cord

This is true for children with spinal cord injuries, too. Even though they may need a variety of ... students with spinal cord injuries and suggestions for working with them in the school setting. Hopefully, this will increase the ... A spinal cord injury can also be caused by diseases such as transverse myelitis, spina bifida and ...


Arteriovenous Malformations of the Spinal Cord in Children

Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pa. Key Words. Spinal arteriovenous malformation. Occult spinal disorders. Microsurgical excision. AVM. Aneurysm. Abstract. Spinal arterivenous malformations occur in the pediatric age range more commonly than previously acknowledged. An analysis of 64 cases with onset ...


Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders in children and adolescents

Aug 30, 2016 ... Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a severe autoimmune disease of the CNS characterized by recurrent inflammatory events primarily involving the optic nerves and spinal cord. NMO is infrequent in children, but early recognition is important to start adequate treatment. In this article, we review the evolving.



In children with these rare craniocervical junction disorders, the skull progressively settles down on the ... Figure 1: 5-year-old child with basilar impression. Note the compression of the brainstem from the dens. Spine Tumors. Spinal cord tumors commonly present as back pain, often occurring at night while in bed ( ...


Recommendations for the National Institute for Neurologic Disorders

Nov 15, 2016 ... Recommendations for the National Institute for Neurologic. Disorders and Stroke spinal cord injury common data elements for children and youth with SCI. MJ Mulcahey1, LC Vogel2, M Sheikh3, JC Arango-Lasprilla4, M Augutis5, E Garner6 , EM Hagen7, LB Jakeman8,. E Kelly2, R Martin9, J Odenkirchen8, ...


Pediatric Spinal Infection and Inflammation

Pediatric Spinal Infection and Inflammation. Andrea Rossi, MD. INTRODUCTION. Inflammatory and infectious disorders of the spine in children are less common than in adults, and are usually categorized according to location into (1) those predominantly affecting the spinal cord; (2) those predominantly affecting the nerve ...


Flu: A guide for parents of children or adolescents with chronic

The best way to prevent the flu is by getting a flu vaccine each year. How do I know if my child is at greater risk for flu-related complications? Your child is at risk if he/she has any of the following conditions: • Asthma. • Neurological and neurodevelopmental conditions including disorders of the brain; spinal cord; peripheral ...


Educational Issues Among Children With Spina Bifida

The more the spinal cord is damaged, the greater the chance that a child will have learning problems. Also, children with severe hydrocephalus tend to have low IQs. • Even when children are very smart, other things will affect how well they do at school. These things are memory, comprehension, attention, impulsivity ...


Musculoskeletal Complications of Neuromuscular Disease in Children

A wide variety of neuromuscular diseases affect children, including cen- tral nervous system disorders such as cerebral palsy and spinal cord injury; motor neuron disorders such as spinal muscular atrophy; peripheral nerve disorders such as Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease; neuromuscular junction disorders such as  ...


3.6 Neurological disorders associated with malnutrition

There are, however, still a number of obscure neurological disorders occurring in localized epidemics or endemic foci in tropical countries. Most of these syndromes consist of various combinations of peripheral polyneuropathy and signs of spinal cord involvement. The term “tropical myeloneuropathies” has been used to.


Tethered cord syndrome in children: a review

experience with this entity at the Children's Hospital,. Birmingham, Alabama, we review facets of childhood tethered spinal cord syndrome, discuss many of the clini- cally relevant aspects of this disease, and share our views on the management of this problem. History of the Tethered Spinal Cord. The tethered spinal cord is ...


Neck Disorders In Little People

The growth disturbance responsible for the changes seen in achondroplasia also affects the hole at the bottom of the skull (foramen magnum) through which a portion of the brain and spinal cord pass. In some infants with achondroplasia, the foramen magnum may be too small ("stenosis"). A variety of problems may occur if ...

Neck Disorders in Little People.pdf

Prevalence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Patients with

PTS/PTSD appears to be prevalent in individuals with pediatric SCI and was also associated with poorer functional independence. Key words: functional independence, pediatric, posttraumatic stress, posttraumatic stress disorder, rehabilitation, spinal cord injury. The prevalence of spinal cord injuries. (SCIs) in children and ...


Treatment of Nervous System Lyme Disease

For nervous system Lyme disease without brain or spinal cord involvement, there is good evidence* that oral doxycycline is probably safe and effective (but this medication should generally not be used in children under the age of 8, or in pregnant women). All of these drugs are antibiotics. Note: Although the evidence is ...


Anterior Spinal Artery Syndrome in Two Children With Genetic

tension, and thromboembolic disorders. Methods: Case reports of 2 patients. Results: Two children developed spinal cord infarctions consistent with ASAS, mostly likely caused by previously undiagnosed thrombotic disorders. A child with prothrombin variant experienced acute bilateral lower limb weakness without any ...