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Culture and the Self: Implications for Cognition, Emotion, and

People in different cultures have strikingly different construals of the self, of others , and of the .... ing of the self-systems of people of different cultural back- grounds. ..... Summary of Key Differences Between an Independent and an. Interdependent Construal of Self. Feature compared. Independent. Interdependent. Definition.


Cultures and Selves: A Cycle of Mutual Constitution

a focus on what it means to be a self or agent in a particular sociocultural context. Second, the study of culture and self has led to the realiza- tion that people and their sociocultural worlds are not separate from one another. Instead they require each other and complete one another. In an ongoing cycle of mutual constitution,  ...

2010 Markus Kitayama culture and selves mutual constitution.pdf

Cultural Identity and Self-Definition

Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Dordrecht - Printed in the Netherlands. Cultural identity and self-definition. KAI NIELSEN. Department of Philosophy, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada,. T2N1N4. I. We have the ideals of universality of the Enlightenment and the claims of particularism of the Counter- Enlightenment.


Culture and the Self." Implications for Cognition, Emotion, and

Culture and the Self." Implications for Cognition, Emotion, and Motivation. Hazel Rose Markus. University of Michigan. Shinobu Kitayama. University of Oregon ...... Summary of Key Differences Between an Independent and an. Interdependent Construal of Self. Feature compared. Independent. Interdependent. Definition.

1991 Markus Kitayama Culture and the self.pdf

Culture, Self-Discrepancies, and Self-Satisfaction

dant psychological structures and processes are thus sup- ported by a web of cultural meanings, and likewise, the interaction of individual selves creates and sustains the cultural environment. In this way, culture and self are seen to make each other up (Shweder, 1990). Our central point is that these cultural differences in.



Correspondingly, the existing cultural differences will not cause oppositions, unless the related differences are morally constructed as essentialist and objective. As we construct our social reality, we attach moral meaning to some of the existing or perceived differences, which we feel to be important for our self- esteem ...


The Cultural Meaning of Cardiac Illness and Self-Care Among

The Cultural Meaning of Cardiac Illness and Self-Care Among Lebanese Patients. With Coronary Artery Disease. Nuhad Yazbik Dumit, PhD1, Joan Kathy Magilvy, PhD, FAAN2, and Rima Afifi, PhD2. Abstract. Background: Cardiac disease is the leading cause of death in Lebanon, accounting for 22% to 26% of total deaths ...


Debating Self, Identity, and Culture in Anthropology

After exploring meanings of and rela- tions between self and identity as they can be inter- preted from my material, I will discuss the relations be- tween anthropological understandings of culture and self. Anthropology's Denial of Others' Selves. Anthropologists write easily about the identity of those they study in the sense of ...


Culture & Self-Expression 1 Culture and Self-Expression Heejung S

Culture & Self-Expression 3. Yet, many studies in cultural psychology show that the concept of self varies greatly across different cultural contexts, and to the extent that the meaning of the self differs, how people engage in any self-actions, such as self-expression, and their psychological consequences could differ as well.


Understanding the Individualism-Collectivism Cleavage and its Effects

covers these issues. Different visions of self. The perception of Self is fundamental to human behavior. It is rooted in interactions with others and in the seizing of meanings from interacting with one's social environment. According to Markus and. Kitayama (1991), the roots of the individualism-collectivism cultural cleavage ...

IEA papervf.pdf

Self-Conscious Emotions as Dynamic Cultural Processes

Cultures. The literature on self-conscious emotions in East. Asian (and other1) cultures provides evidence for the more general point that Tracy and Robins made, namely that self-conscious emotions derive their struc- ture and meaning from the self. However, it also sug- gests that different models of self lead to different.


Promoting Self-Reflexivity in Intercultural Education

of self recommended for practitioners by Nakula and Ravitch (1998) grounds under- standing in direct experience and empowers the ability to act from it because of the feeling of knowing that emerges clearly in the moment. Cross- cultural researchers can be guided by this sense of felt meaning when they purposely engage ...


The Self-Concept

outside the individual-i.e. in culture, social structure, or social situation. Several aspects of the self-concept literature are not reviewed: I do not delve into the extensive literature on specific social identities, such as sexual and gender identities, various occupational identities, and specific deviant identi- ties (e.g. delinquent ...

1982 Gecas - The Self-Concept.pdf

Theory Reflections: Intercultural Competence Framework/Model

Knowledge: In regard to knowledge necessary for intercultural competence, intercultural scholars concurred on the following: cultural self-awareness ( meaning the ways in which one's culture has influenced one's identity and worldview), culture-specific knowledge1 , deep cultural knowledge including understanding other ...


Culture and Context-sensitive Self: The Amount and Meaning of

Self-concepts change from context to context. The experience that one's self is context-sensitive may be universal, however the amount and meaning of context- sensitive self vary across cultures. Cross-cultural differences in the amount and meaning of context-sensitive self were investigated in three Western cultures.


5. Cross-cultural perspectives on self-efficacy

bers cannot easily free themselves. In return, people receive protection from the in-group. In contrast, individualist cultures promote the view that people look primarily after their own welfare and their immediate family's interests. They value an autonomous definition of the self and individual goals more than group goals ( see ...


Culture, Self-Construal, and Leisure Theory and Practice

KEYWORDS: Benefits, culture, discrimination, intrinsic motivation, leisure, self- construal, theory. According to Floyd ... in any discussion of culture, self-construal , and leisure theory and practice. Culture and Self-Construal ..... First, the word " self-organize" in the definition of autonomy connotes personal choice, and this ...


Reframing the Meaning of Self-Directed Learning: An Updated Modeltt

"Reframing the Meaning of Self-Directed Learning: An Updated Modeltt," Adult. Education ... Over the past several decades, self-directed learning (SDL) has been one of the most active areas of inquiry within adult ... ―effectively ignore[d] the larger influences of the society‖ and ―uncritically ignore[d] the cultural context of ...


Cultural Influences Documentation (PDF)

Cultural Influences. Cultural influences means historical, geographical, and familial factors that affect assessment and intervention processes. Cultural influences (as defined in 9505.0370 subp. 9) that are relevant to the client may include the client's: • Racial or Ethnic Self-Identification: the individual/family would report how ...


Of Looking Glasses, Mirror Neurons, Culture, and Meaning

Culture and the Transmission of Meaning. The implications for a coherent looking glass self are commonly observed in mundane normative activities, such as norms governing the flow of pe- destrian traffic on a stairwell, speaking distance, deference, assumptions about language, manners, and other taken-for-granted ...